Together for a fair sport
In association with WADA (the World Anti-Doping Agency) and ITA, the EOC is dedicated to complying with world Clean Sport regulations and helping to educate and inform athletes and coaches about its importance and how to effectively follow Clean Sport requirements.
15. Therapeutic use exemption process
What is a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)?
Athletes may have illnesses or conditions that require them to take medications or undergo procedures. If the medication or method an athlete is required to use to treat an illness or condition is prohibited as per the World Anti-Doping Agency’s (WADA) Prohibited List a TUE may give that athlete the authorization to use that substance or method while competing without invoking an anti-doping rule violation (ADRV) and applicable sanction. Applications for TUEs are evaluated by a panel of physicians, the TUE Committee (TUEC).
What are the criteria for granting a TUE?
All of the four following criteria must be met (for more details, please refer to the article 4.2: WADA International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE):
- The athlete has a clear diagnosed medical condition which requires treatment using a prohibited substance or method;
- The therapeutic use of the substance will not, on the balance of probabilities produce significant enhancement of performance beyond the athlete’s normal state of health;
- The prohibited substance or method is an indicated treatment for the medical condition, and there is no reasonable permitted therapeutic alternative;
- The necessity to use that substance or method is not a consequence of the prior use (without a TUE), of a substance or method which was prohibited at the time of use.
Who should apply for a TUE? Where and when to apply?
The European Olympic Committees (EOC) has delegated responsibility for all TUE applications to the International Testing Agency (ITA). This means that the ITA is now fully responsible for the TUE application process for all athletes that fall under the EOC jurisdiction, ie participating in the European Games, the European Youth Olympic Festival (EYOF) or the Games of the Small States of Europe (GSSE) events.
Athletes who are subject to anti-doping rules would need a TUE to take a prohibited substance or use a prohibited method. You should verify with the ITA to know to whom you need to apply and if you can apply retroactively.
Please see chapter below on “How to apply to the ITA for a TUE?”
Before the Games
You should follow the usual process defined by your International Federation (IF) and National Anti-Doping Organisation (NADO), and submit new requests to your IF or NADO. Pre-existing TUEs will follow the recognition process provided they are entered in ADAMS.
During the Games
Athletes participating in the Games should contact the ITA to enquire about the organization responsible for the processing of their TUE. The ITA TUEC will process only TUEs that have a validity limited to the period of the Games.
For example, TUEs for chronic conditions (like ADHD or diabetes) should be processed by your NADO in advance of the Games and will be recognized automatically for the duration of the Games.
If EOC chooses to collect a Sample from an Athlete who is not an International Level Athlete or a National-Level Athlete, and that Athlete is Using a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method for therapeutic reasons, EOC must permit that Athlete to apply for a retroactive TUE. You can verify your status by contacting your IF and NADO.
To submit a TUE, please first, check if the required medication or method you intend to take, or use is prohibited as per the WADA Prohibited List.
For this, you may also use a ‘check your medication’ online like globalDRO (https://globaldro.com) or consult your NADO.
You have a responsibility to inform your physician(s) that you are an athlete bound to anti-doping rules. You and your physician(s) should check the Prohibited List for whatever substance/method you are prescribed. If the substance/method is prohibited, discuss non-prohibited alternatives, if there are none, apply for a TUE. Remember athletes have the ultimate responsibility.
You must apply for a TUE, as soon as the need to use the substance or method arises, unless there are emergency or exceptional circumstances.
For substances prohibited in-competition only, you should apply for a TUE at least 30 days before your next competition, unless one of the exceptions on retroactive TUEs (see below) apply.
If you already have a TUE granted by your NADO or IF, your TUE will be automatically recognized for the Period of the Games.
See chapter “how to submit a TUE” for more details.
Can I get a retroactive TUE?
You may only apply retroactively for a TUE to the ITA’s TUEC if:
- You required emergency or urgent treatment of a medical condition.
- There was insufficient time, opportunity or other exceptional circumstances that prevented you from submitting the TUE application, or having it evaluated, before getting tested.
- You are a lower level athlete who is not under the jurisdiction of the EOC or a NADO and were tested.
- You tested positive after using a substance Out-of-Competition that is only prohibited In-Competition (for example glucocorticoids).
- As per our anti-doping rules, you are neither international or national level and therefore were not permitted or required to apply in advance for a TUE
In rare and exceptional circumstances and notwithstanding any other provision in the ISTUE, you may apply for and be granted retroactive approval for a therapeutic use of a prohibited substance or method, if considering the purpose of the Code, it would be manifestly unfair not to grant a retroactive TUE. An Anti-Doping Organization may grant an Athlete’s application for a retroactive TUE pursuant to this Article only with the prior approval of WADA (and WADA may in its absolute discretion agree with or reject the Anti-Doping Organization’s decision).”
Using a prohibited substance or method without a TUE could result in an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.
In case an application for a retroactive TUE is necessary following sample collection, you are strongly advised to have a medical file prepared and ready to submit for evaluation.
How to apply to the ITA for a TUE?
The EOC encourages submissions of TUE applications via ADAMS, together with the required medical information. If you do not have an ADAMS account yet, please visit this page to contact ITA’s TUE support. This support service is only active during the Games period.
Otherwise, please download the TUE Application Form (found on https://ita.sport/TUE), and once duly completed and signed, gather the required medical file and contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Your TUE application must be submitted in legible capital letters or typing.
The medical file must include:
- A comprehensive medical history, including documentation from the original diagnosing physician(s) (where possible);
- The results of all examinations, laboratory investigations and imaging studies relevant to the application.
Any costs incurred by the Athlete in making the TUE application and in supplementing it as required by the TUEC are the responsibility of the Athlete.
Any TUE application that is not complete or legible will not be dealt with and will be returned for completion and re-submission.
To assist you and your doctor in providing the correct medical documentation, we suggest consulting the WADA’s Checklists for TUE applications for guidance and support, and Medical Information to Support the Decisions of TUECs for guidance on specific common medical conditions, treatments, substances, etc.
Keep a complete copy of the TUE application form and all medical information submitted in support of your application, and proof that it has been sent.
How to submit a request for recognition of my if or NADO TUE to the ITA?
ITA’s TUEC will automatically recognise your TUE for purposes of the Event without the need to review the relevant clinical information. If the TUE is correctly entered in ADAMS, there is no need to contact us. Nevertheless, should you require a confirmation, you can submit your request to the ITA in writing quoting your ADAMS TUE reference number.
You can download your TUE certificate directly from ADAMS.
What happens during the events?
Before the Period of the Games
You should follow the normal process and submit new requests to your IF or NADO. Pre-existing TUEs will be recognised provided they are entered in ADAMS.
During the Period of the Games
See the chapter above on “How to apply to the ITA for a TUE”
When will I receive a decision on my TUE application [or request for recognition]?
The ITA’s TUEC must render a decision as soon as possible, and usually within 21 days from the date of receipt of the complete TUE application, or request for recognition, unless in exceptional circumstances.
What if I need to renew my TUE?
It advised that you contact the organization that granted the original TUE.
Each TUE has a specific duration, at the end of which it expires automatically. Should you need to continue to use the prohibited substance or method, it is your responsibility to submit a new application for a TUE with updated medical information ahead of the expiry date, so that there is sufficient time for a decision to be made prior to the expiry of the current TUE.
The presence (following sample collection), use, possession or administration of the prohibited substance or method must be consistent with the terms of your TUE. Therefore, if you require a materially different dosage, frequency, route or duration of administration, you should contact the ITA, as you may be required to apply for a new TUE. Some substances and dosages, e.g. insulin, are often modified during treatment and these possible fluctuations should be mentioned by the treating physician in the TUE application and would usually be accepted by the ITA’s TUEC.
What if my EOC TUE application is denied?
A decision to deny a TUE application will include a written explanation of the reason(s) for the denial. If it is not clear to you, please contact the ITA to understand exactly why the TUE was denied. Sometimes, there may be a critical piece of information, diagnostic test, laboratory results missing, etc. In which case, you should re-apply to us.
A decision by EOC not to grant a TUE may be appealed by the Athlete exclusively to the independent TUE Appeal Committee established by EOC for that purpose. If the Athlete does not appeal (or the appeal is unsuccessful), the Athlete may not Use the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method in question in connection with the Event.
However, any TUE granted by the Athlete’s National Anti-Doping Organisation or International Federation for that substance or method remains valid outside of that Event.
Will my medical information be treated in a confidential manner?
All the information contained in a TUE application, including the supporting medical information and any other information related to the evaluation of your TUE request is kept strictly confidential and treated in accordance with the Athlete’s Declaration contained in the ADAMS TUE and in the TUE Application Form which can be found here. All members of the TUEC and any other authorized recipients of your TUE request and related information (as described in the Athlete’s Declaration) are subject to a professional or contractual confidentiality obligation.
Please review the terms of the Athlete’s Declaration carefully. In particular, note that should you wish to revoke the right of the ITA’s TUEC to obtain the information related to your TUE in accordance with the Athlete’s Declaration, your TUE application will be deemed withdrawn without approval [or recognition] being granted. Your TUE request-related information will be retained by the EOC, ITA’s TUEC and any other authorized recipients for no longer than necessary for the purposes stated in the Athlete’s Declaration, in accordance with the International Standard for the Protection of Privacy and Personal Information.
For any further information and questions in relation to personal information practices, please contact the ITA at email@example.com or the EOC.
If you have a doubt as regards to which organization you should apply for a TUE, or as to the recognition process, or any other question about TUEs, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Other useful links
WADA International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE)
WADA Q&A on the Prohibited List
WADA Checklists for TUE Applications
WADA Guidelines for the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE)